The ADDIE model represents a system of guidelines for building learning materials. The name is an acronym of the five phases of the course development process—Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. Even though the ADDIE model has been criticized for its rigidity and linear flow, many instructional designers view the model as essentially iterative, as each phase depends on the revision and feedback from the previous one.


In the Analysis phase of course design, the instructor should:

  • establish the scope of the course
  • gauge the students’ demographics, their existing knowledge, learning environment, possible gaps between existing and desired performance
  • determine course delivery options.

During the Design phase, the instructor should outline:

  • learning objectives
  • assessments
  • learning units
  • class schedule
  • learning materials (content & media)
  • lesson plans

After the course design has been outlined, the instructor can enter the Development phase. At this stage, individual assignments are developed, syllabus and lesson plans written, lessons recorded (if applicable), and course visuals developed.


During the Implementation phase of the ADDIE model, the course elements developed in the previous stage are imported into the Learning Management System (LMS) – Blackboard.

To assure ease in the course navigation and student-centered design, Hostos EdTech and CTL developed a Blackboard course template for a content organization that is automatically uploaded into new course shells.


In the Evaluation phase, the ADDIE model suggests summative and formative evaluation to determine whether the goals in the Analysis phase have been met. The formative analysis is implemented in each stage of the ADDIE model, pointing out the iterative nature of the ADDIE model.

ADDIE iterative model


Key Takeaways

  • Used for course design and curriculum development as well as for creating individual assignments and projects
  • Basis for the current instructional design models
  • Straightforward and easy to use
  • Adaptable to any learning content and audience
  • Could be time-consuming
  • Rigid in implementing changes

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